Water filters come in all different shapes and sizes, designed to fit any need. Before you can find a filter to fit your needs, you need to first understand what those needs are. Here are some ways you can figure out what kind of water filter you need in your home.

Use Your Senses

An easy way to begin to understand and identify some of the contaminants in your water is to simply use your senses. Although this is not an accurate way to determine what is in your water, it is a great place to start.


Using your sense of smell can give you several clues as to what might be infecting your water. For example, if your water smells almost like bleach, there is likely chlorine in your water, being used as a disinfectant. If it smells like rotten eggs, there are likely bacteria infecting the water somewhere. It may be coming from your own pipes or drain or all the way from the municipal pipes. If there is an earthy or musty smell, it might be a result of decay or decomposition.


Another easy way to determine if there are contaminants in your water is through your sense of taste. If your water tastes unusual, you should spit it out and not swallow it. If your water tastes metallic, it may have metals or minerals contaminating it or a low pH level. Same with the smell, if it has a bleachy smell, it may be infected with chlorine. If the water tastes salty, there may be sulfates or chlorine ions.


If you can easily see contaminants in your water, you know you have a problem. Hold up a glass to the light, and see if there are floating particles or cloudiness. Particles that are red, brown, or orange may be caused by rust in your pipes or fixtures. Cloudiness or particles that are tan or white in color can be a result of a high hardness level. Hardness is an excess of certain minerals in your water such as magnesium carbonate or calcium carbonate. If your water is a general brown or murky color, it could be a result of upstream pollution, rusty pipes, or something else.

Water Quality Report

While using your senses can help you begin to identify an issue in your water, it cannot give you all the answers. Most water suppliers and utilities in America issue a yearly water report. You can find a water quality report for your city or a large city near your online to help you understand what may be flowing through your faucets.

Have Your Water Tested

A water report is a great way to help you understand what exactly is polluting your city’s water, but there is a way to find out even more specifically what is running through your tap. With a water test, you can know exactly what is in your home and at what level. Some contaminants may be picked up on the way to our home that are not documented in the city’s water report. This test will also show you if there are issues coming directly from your own home and pipes.

Once you understand the issues in your specific water and the needs you have, you can begin looking for a filter for your home. There are several different kinds of home water filters that can suit any need you have. There are some filters designed to filter specific contaminants, some that can filter specific spots in your home or your entire house, some that are large, or some that can nicely hide away under our sink. There are several options designed to help you get clean water in your home and keep you and your family safe.